Comparative Procedural Law and Justice (CPLJ)

Source: Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam

CPLJ is a global project on comparative civil justice, organized by the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law and supported by the Luxembourg Research Fund FNR. Officialy launched in September 2020, it is the flagship research project of the Department of European and Comparative Procedural Law (DECPL).

Project Description

CPLJ is envisaged as a comprehensive study of comparative civil procedural law and civil dispute resolution schemes in the contemporary world. It aims at understanding procedural rules in their cultural context, as well as at highlighting workable approaches to the resolution of civil disputes. It focuses on current developments in the field of comparative civil procedure from a global perspective. These include the influence of Information Technologies and Artificial Intelligence; the expansion of alternative dispute resolution; the most recent trends on access to justice; the challenges of collective litigation; and the growing needs for transparency and independence of the justice systems. The cultural dimensions and the methodology of comparative civil procedural law receive specific attention.


More than one hundred scholars from all over the world are actively involved in CPLJ. They are guided by a Board of General Editors, composed of Prof. Burkhard Hess, Prof. Margaret Woo, Prof. Loïc Cadiet and Prof. Enrique Vallines. An Advisory Board of twelve distinguished professors provides scientific support. Participants are organized into eighteen teams of authors. Every team is led by a coordinator, always a distinguished professor affiliated to a prestigious university or research institution. DECPL researchers are supporting the teams; some of them are also participating as authors. Overall, the team members come from different jurisdictions, in order to facilitate a global perspective. 


Every team of authors is responsible for a thematic segment. Particularly, the thematic segments are the following:

Segment 1: Comparative Studies and the Relevance of Categories
Segment 2: Civil Dispute Resolution from a Pluri-Disciplinary Perspective
Segment 3: Organization of the Civil Justice System and Judicial Independence
Segment 4: Access to Justice and Costs of Litigation
Segment 5: Constitutionalization and Fundamentalization of Procedural Guarantees and Principles
Segment 6: Jurisdiction and Venue of the Court
Segment 7: Structure of Civil Litigation
Segment 8: Access to Information. Evidence
Segment 9: Final Judgment, Appeals and Review
Segment 10: Digital Revolution and Procedure
Segment 11: Collective Litigation
Segment 12: Special Forms of Procedures
Segment 13: Special Subject Matters
Segment 14: Enforcement
Segment 15: Cross-Border and International Dimensions
Segment 16: Consensual Dispute Resolution
Segment 17: Arbitration
Segment 18: Comparative Procedure and Legal Cultures

Work in Progress

The teams are discussing regularly online. Every team has prepared a general outline of its respective thematic segment. The outlines have been presented in successful online kick-off conference between 19 February and 5 March 2020. In addition, several webinars have been organised. These webinars have dealt with methodological and interdisciplinary approaches, thereby providing valuable scientific inputs to CPLJ. The videos of the kick-off conference and the webinars are available on the MsTeams Platform of the project (restricted to CPLJ participants); some are also available at the YouTube channel of the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg.

The teams are currently working on the preparation of the different chapters of the thematic segments, which will populate the final multi-volume Compendium on Comparative Civil Justice, accessible online and available in print by 2025. The Compendium expects to illustrate the consolidation of comparative civil procedural law as a self-standing research area and aspires to become one of the main sources of reference for future studies. An onsite mid-term conference of all authors is planned at the Institute in March 2023.

Information about future events will be posted on

For further details, please contact .