Joshua Paine


Joshua (Josh) Paine completed his PhD in 2016 at the University of Melbourne. The thesis was passed without revisions in January 2017. The thesis is entitled ‘International Adjudicatory Functions: A Comparative Study through the Lens of Environmental Cases’. It uses the lens of environmental cases to compare the functions of adjudicators across the contexts of dispute settlement in the World Trade Organization and the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, International Court of Justice litigation, and investment treaty arbitration. Specifically, the thesis analyses how adjudicators across these settings manage the problems of changes in law or facts, the standard and method of review, and contributing to effective processes of dispute resolution. Josh’s research interests are in international adjudication, its role within various international legal regimes, and, more broadly, the nature of contemporary processes of international law-making and governance. He holds an LLM in international law from Cambridge University and a BA/LLB (Hons 1) from the Australian National University.  In 2014 he was a visiting fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law. He has previously tutored in law at the University of Melbourne, the Australian National University, and the University of Canberra.

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