“A Bridge Over Troubled Waters: Dispute Resolution in the Law of
International Watercourses and the Law of the Sea”

Monday, 25 September – Tuesday, 26 September 2017


Judge Awn Al-Khasawneh, Doughty Street Chambers

Awn Al-Khasawneh was Prime Minister of Jordan (2011-2012); Judge (2000-2011) and Vice-President (2006-2009) at the International Court of Justice (ICJ); Advisor to His Late Majesty King Hussein on International Law and Chief of the Royal Hashemite Court (1996-1998); member of the United Nations (UN) International Law Commission for three terms (1986-2000); and member, Chairman, and Special Rapporteur on Forcible Population Transfer (1982-1993) of the UN Sub-Commission on the Prevention of Discrimination and the Protection of Minorities. He has contributed to the elaboration of most treaties in the field of codification and progressive development of international law (1976-2000); has recently been appointed an ad hoc Judge in the Case concerning Maritime Delimitation in the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean (Costa Rica v. Nicaragua) before the ICJ; and he sits in a number of arbitrations. Throughout his long career, he has lectured widely and written various articles on international and constitutional law.

Prof. Laurence Boisson de Chazournes, University of Geneva

Laurence Boisson de Chazournes is Professor at the University of Geneva and the Director of the Platform for International Water Law (Geneva Water Hub: https://www.genevawaterhub.org/fr). She has widely published in the areas of international environmental law, international water law, and dispute settlement. Laurence Boisson de Chazournes received the Elizabeth Haub Prize for Environmental Law (2008) and she is a member of the Global High-Level Panel on Water and Peace. Since 2011, she has been a member of the Human Rights Council Advisory Committee. A Senior Counsel to the World Bank between 1995 and 1999, Laurence Boisson de Chazournes has since then advised international organizations, States and private entities. She also acts as an arbitrator in investor-state disputes.

Prof. Alan Boyle, University of Edinburgh

Alan Boyle was Professor of Public International Law at the University of Edinburgh, School of Law, from 1995 until 2017. He taught international law, international environmental law, and law of the sea. His publications include International Law and the Environment (with Catherine Redgwell) (4th ed., OUP, 2018) and The Making of International Law (with Christine Chinkin) (OUP, 2007). He is a barrister and continues to practise international law from Essex Court Chambers, London. Professor Boyle has appeared as counsel before the ICJ, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS), and United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) arbitral tribunals.

Prof. Jutta Brunnée, University of Toronto

Jutta Brunnée is Professor of Law and Metcalf Chair in Environmental Law, University of Toronto, where she previously served as Associate Dean of Law, Graduate (2010-2014) and Interim Dean (2014). She has published widely in the areas of public international law and international environmental law. She is co-author of International Climate Change Law (OUP, 2017), and of Legitimacy and Legality in International Law: An Interactional Account (CUP, 2010), which was awarded the American Society of International Law’s 2011 Certificate of Merit for preeminent contribution to creative scholarship. She served on the Board of Editors of the American Journal of International Law (2006-2016) and was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 2013.

Ambassador Rolf Einar Fife, Royal Embassy of Norway in Paris

Rolf Einar Fife is Norway’s Ambassador to France and Monaco. He served as the Director General of Legal Affairs of the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2002-2014) and Chair of the Council of Europe Committee of Legal Advisers on Public International Law (CAHDI) (2008-2010). He has represented Norway in multilateral and bilateral negotiations and before international courts, including the ICJ, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), and the World Trade Organization (WTO) Appellate Body. He headed maritime delimitation negotiations with the Russian Federation (Barents Sea and Arctic Ocean treaties 2007 and 2010), with Denmark/Greenland/The Faroes (2006) and Iceland (2006). He headed the Norwegian team before the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf. A graduate of the University of Oslo, he worked at the Polar Department, Ministry of Justice (1984-1985) and since 1985 at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, with postings in the Middle East (1988-1990) and at the Norwegian Mission to the UN, New York (1990-1993). At the Ministry of Foreign Affairs he headed various units in its Legal Department prior to becoming its head in January 2002. He was Visiting Fellow at the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge (2009-2010) and is a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA).

Prof. Itay Fishhendler, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Itay Fishhendler heads the Environmental and Planning Program at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His research interests focus on environmental conflict resolution, natural resources governance, and decision-making under conditions of political and environmental uncertainties. He is a leading scholar on transboundary water institutions and Middle Eastern water policy, and has published over 40 articles in leading public policy, conflict resolution, geography, ecological economics, and environmental journals.

Prof. Fishhendler is now engaged in research related to the politics of energy infrastructure and energy diplomacy, including energy sanctions. Many of his studies take a critical approach, often by the use of discourse analysis and content analysis, of planning and building protocols of national infrastructure, such as energy and water.

Prof. Erik Franckx, Vrije Universiteit Brussel

Erik Franckx is full-time Research Professor, President of the Department of International and European Law, Faculty of Law and Criminology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

He has been appointed by Belgium as: expert in marine scientific research for use in special arbitration under the UNCLOS (since 2004); expert in maritime boundary delimitation to the International Hydrographic Organization (since 2005); member of the PCA (since 2006); and arbitrator under the UNCLOS (since 2014).

He served as a consultant to governments (foreign as well as the three levels of the Belgian structure, i.e. the federal, regional and community level), international, supranational and non-governmental organizations.

Prof. Viatcheslav V. Gavrilov, Far Eastern Federal University

Viatcheslav V. Gavrilov is Chair of International Public and Private Law and Director of the Master Programs of the Far Eastern Federal University School of Law (Vladivostok). He received his PhD in Juridical Sciences from Kazan State University in 1994 and his Doctor of Juridical Science (SJD) in 2006. He authored many scientific publications devoted to current problems of international public and private law, including two monographs and some textbooks. He was invited as a speaker and has participated in numerous international conferences and programs in various countries, including the United States, Canada, China, France, India, and Japan. He is also a member of the Executive Committee of the Russian Association of International Law, member of the Asian Society of International Law and co-founder and attorney of the Board of Lawyers “Etalon” in Vladivostok.

Prof. Shotaro Hamamoto, Kyoto University

Shotaro Hamamoto is Professor of the Law of International Organizations at the Graduate School of Law, Kyoto University. He holds an LL.B. (Kyoto), an LL.M. (Kyoto), and a PhD (Paris 2). He was counsel and advocate for the Japanese government in Whaling in the Antarctic (ICJ, Australia v. Japan, New Zealand intervening, 2010-2014), Hoshinmaru (ITLOS, Japan v. Russia, 2007), and Tomimaru (ITLOS, Japan v. Russia, 2007). He served as assistant for the Spanish government in Fisheries Jurisdiction (ICJ, Spain v. Canada, 1997-1998) and as Japanese representative to the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) Working Group II (Arbitration/Conciliation) (since 2010) and to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Investment Committee (2011). He has been serving as arbitrator for the Japan Sports Arbitration Agency since 2008.

Prof. Natalie Klein, Macquarie University

Natalie Klein is Professor at Macquarie Law School, Macquarie University (Sydney). She served as Dean of Macquarie Law School between 2011 and 2017, as well as Acting Head of the Department for Policing, Intelligence and Counter-Terrorism in 2013-2014. Prof. Klein teaches and researches in different areas of international law, with a focus on law of the sea and international dispute settlement. Prior to joining Macquarie, Prof. Klein worked for Debevoise & Plimpton LLP, served as counsel to the Government of Eritrea (1998-2002) and was a consultant in the Office of Legal Affairs at the United Nations. Her masters and doctorate were earned at Yale Law School and she is a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Law.

Prof. Marcelo Kohen, Graduate Institute Geneva

Marcelo Kohen is Professor of International Law at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, a titular member of the Institut de droit international and it’s Secretary-General since 2015. He has worked as legal counsel and advocate for a number of states before the ICJ, the ITLOS and other tribunals. He also acts as an arbitrator in International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) and UNCITRAL cases. He has been Visiting Professor at several European universities and Rapporteur or Co-rapporteur for the International Law Association (ILA), the Council of Europe and the Institut de droit international. He was one of the founders of the Latin American Society of International Law and served as its Secretary-General until 2015. He is the author of many publications in the field of international law and was awarded the Paul Guggenheim Prize in 1997 for his book Possession contestée et souveraineté territoriale (PUF, 1997).

Ms Judith Levine, Permanent Court of Arbitration

Judith Levine is Senior Legal Counsel at the PCA. She was Registrar in the South China Sea arbitration, the Atlanto-Scandian Herring arbitration, and the Abyei arbitration and has assisted tribunals in some of the world’s largest investor-state and commercial cases. Judith is a Visiting Lecturer at King’s College London. Prior to joining the PCA, Judith practised arbitration in New York for five years at White & Case. In 2002-2003, Judith clerked at the ICJ. In Australia she was an adviser to the Attorney-General, an associate at the High Court of Australia, and Lecturer in Contract Law at the University of New South Wales (UNSW). Judith has a BA/LLB (UNSW, University Medal) and an LLM (New York University, Fulbright/Hauser Global Scholar).

Prof. Liesbeth Lijnzaad, Maastricht University

Liesbeth Lijnzaad is the Legal Adviser of the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and head of its international law department. In that capacity she has acted as the agent for the Netherlands in cases before the ICJ, the ITLOS, the International Criminal Court as well as the US Supreme Court. On behalf of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, she is the Acting President of the Administrative Council of the PCA since 2010. From 2010-2015, she was the co-chair of the UNGA’s Ad Hoc Open-ended Informal Working Group to study issues relating to the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity beyond areas of national jurisdiction (BBNJ). She is a member of the PCA and of the San Remo Institute of International Humanitarian Law. Recently she has been elected to serve as Judge in the ITLOS (starting October 2017), and will leave the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Prof. Lijnzaad is also endowed professor Practice of International Law (part time) at Maastricht University. She studied law and history, receiving master’s degrees in international law (1985) and Dutch law (1987) from the University of Amsterdam, and holds a PhD in international law from Maastricht University in 1994.

Mr Michael W. Lodge, International Seabed Authority

Michael W. Lodge is the Secretary-General of the International Seabed Authority (ISA). He received his LLB from the University of East Anglia, and MSc in Marine Policy from the London School of Economics and Political Science. He is a barrister of Gray’s Inn, London. He has served as Legal Counsel to the ISA; Counsellor to the Round Table on Sustainable Development, OECD; and Legal Counsel to the South Pacific Forum Fisheries Agency. He has held appointments as a Visiting Fellow of Somerville College, Oxford and Associate Fellow of Chatham House. He is a member of the World Economic Forum Global Agenda Council on Oceans. He has published and lectured extensively on the international law of the sea, oceans policy, and related issues.

Mr Lawrence Martin, Foley Hoag LLP (Washington)

Lawrence Martin is a partner in the firm’s Washington, D.C. office and a member of its International Litigation and Arbitration Department. Larry concentrates his practice in international disputes, typically involving foreign sovereign governments and/or their agencies and instrumentalities. Larry represents foreign sovereign interests in proceedings before the world’s leading dispute resolution fora, including the ICJ, the ITLOS, the PCA and the ICSID. He has particular experience in disputes relating to the law of the sea and international environmental cases. Larry also frequently represents foreign sovereigns in litigation before the courts of the United States. Reflecting his capabilities at representing clients in high-profile disputes, he has been named one of Washington, D.C.’s top lawyers by Washingtonian magazine and ranked in Chamber Global in its listing of the world’s top public international law practitioners.

Prof. Owen McIntyre, University College Cork

Owen McIntyre is Professor and Director of Research at the School of Law, University College Cork. His principal area of interest is environmental law, with a particular research focus on international water law. He serves on the editorial boards of a number of Irish and international journals and has published widely in his specialist areas, including the book Environmental Protection of International Watercourses under International Law (Ashgate, 2007), recently translated and published in China (IPPH Publishing, Beijing, 2014). Since 2010, he has served as Chair of the World Commission on Environmental Law’s Specialist Group on Water and Wetlands (International Union for Conservation of Nature - IUCN). In 2011 he was appointed to the Global Faculty of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Centre for Water Law, Policy & Science, University of Dundee. Since 2004, he has been a member of the Project Complaints Mechanism of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and in 2008 he was designated a member of the Scientific Committee of the European Environment Agency as an expert on European and International Environmental Law. In 2013 Prof McIntyre was appointed by the Irish government to the statutory Aquaculture Licences Appeals Board.

Prof. Sean D. Murphy, George Washington University

Sean D. Murphy is the Patricia Roberts Harris Research Professor of Law at George Washington University Law School in Washington, D.C., where he teaches international law. He is also a member of the UN International Law Commission, serving as its Special Rapporteur for crimes against humanity. Prior to entering academia, Prof. Murphy worked in the Office of the Legal Adviser at the US Department of State, specializing in oceans and international environmental law, international dispute resolution, and the law of war. His most recent book is International Law Relating to Islands (Martinus Nijhoff, forthcoming 2017), which is based on his lectures at The Hague Academy of International Law in 2016. He is President-elect of the American Society of International Law.

Prof. Boldizsár Nagy, Central European University

Boldizsár Nagy read law and philosophy and received his PhD in Law at the Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE) in Budapest. He teaches international law and asylum law at the Central European University. He has acted as expert for the UN, the Council of Europe, and the European Union (EU) and was counsel for Hungary in the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros Project case before the ICJ. Ankara, Beijing, Brussels, Geneva, Kazan, Moscow, New York, Tblisi, Yekaterinburg and Yerevan are among his former teaching venues. He is one of the founders of the European Society of International Law and of the Refugee Law Reader. Most of his research centres on refugee law. Further details are available at his website: www.nagyboldizsar.hu.

Prof. Bernard H. Oxman, University of Miami

Bernard H. Oxman is the Richard A. Hausler Professor of Law at University of Miami School of Law. Prof. Oxman served as Associate Dean of the Law School from 1987 to 1990, and currently is the Faculty Chair of the Law School's Master of Laws Program in Maritime Law. Before joining the University of Miami in 1977, he was Assistant Legal Adviser for Oceans, Environment, and Scientific Affairs of the US Department of State. He served as US Representative through almost the entire duration of the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea and its preparatory negotiations, and chaired the English Language Group of the Conference Drafting Committee.

Having served as co-editor-in-chief of the American Journal of International Law (2003-2013) and as vice-president of the American Society of International Law, he has also been honoured by election to the Institut de droit international, the American Law Institute, and the Council on Foreign Relations.

The only American lawyer ever appointed to serve as Judge ad hoc of both the ICJ and the ITLOS, Prof. Oxman has also served on various international arbitration tribunals in both public and private cases. He has also served as counsel in a number of international cases, most recently the South China Sea arbitration (Philippines v. China).

Prof. Esa Paasivirta, European Commission – Legal Service

Esa Paasivirta is a Legal Adviser in the European Commission, Brussels. He obtained his Ph.D. in International Law from the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom. He has worked especially in the areas of international law and external relations and published extensively in these areas. He is also an Adjunct Professor in the Faculty of Law at the University of Helsinki.

Prof. Rosemary Rayfuse, University of New South Wales

Rosemary Rayfuse is Scientia Professor of International Law at UNSW, Sydney, Australia. She is the Swedish Research Council’s Kerstin Hesselgren Visiting Professor and Conjoint Professor in the Faculty of Law at Lund University, Sweden, and Visiting Professor at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Her research focuses on oceans governance, in particular in polar areas, high seas fisheries, protection of the marine environment in areas beyond national jurisdiction, and the normative effects of climate change on international law, topics on which she has produced more than 200 publications. She is a member of the IUCN Commission on Environmental Law and the Chair’s nominee on the ILA Committee on Sea Level Rise and International Law. She is on the editorial boards of a number of leading international journals and regularly advises governments, international organisations, and non-governmental organisations.

Prof. Alistair Rieu-Clarke, Northumbria University, UNECE Water Convention

Alistair Rieu-Clarke is a Legal Officer with the Secretariat of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes, and a Professor of Law at Northumbria University, Newcastle. His research interests focus on transboundary water cooperation, sustainable development and international environmental law. In recent years, his research has explored the role and relevance of both the UN Watercourses Convention and the UNECE Water Convention; as well as the application of international law within specific transboundary river basins, including the Mekong and the Nile. Alistair also advises international organisations and governments on matters relating to international law and transboundary waters, and he has a particular interest in matters concerning treaty implementation and compliance.

Prof. Cesare P.R. Romano, Loyola Marymount University

Cesare P.R. Romano is Professor of Law and Joseph W. Fellow at Loyola Law School Los Angeles. In 1997, he co-founded the Project on International Courts and Tribunals, a joint undertaking of the Center on International Cooperation, New York University, and the Centre for International Courts and Tribunals at University College London, becoming an authority in the field of law and practice of international courts and tribunals. His most relevant publications are: The Oxford Handbook of International Adjudication (with K. Alter & Y. Shany) (OUP, 2014); The International Judge: An Introduction to the Men and Women who Decide the World’s Cases (with D. Terris & L. Swigart) (OUP, 2007); and The Peaceful Settlement of International Environmental Disputes: A Pragmatic Approach (Kluwer, 2000).

Prof. Hélène Ruiz Fabri, Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law

Hélène Ruiz Fabri is Director of the MPI Luxembourg for Procedural Law, where she heads the Department of International Law and Dispute Resolution. Previously she was Professor at the Sorbonne Law School (University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne) where she still teaches. She has also been Director of the Joint Institute of Comparative Law of Paris and Director of the Master 2 Degree Programme in International Economic Law. Her research spans WTO Law and International Dispute Resolution as well as Comparative and Constitutional Law. Privileging a comparative approach, Prof. Ruiz Fabri has focused on international courts and tribunals for years, following their multiplication during the 90’s. She has published extensively in these fields and has been awarded the CNRS Silver Medal for her achievements in research in 2015. She has been President of the Joint Advisory Committee of the OECD since 2009, and as of 2015, she has been an ICSID arbitrator.

Dr Salman M. A. Salman, International Water Resources Association

Salman M. A. Salman is the Editor-in-Chief of the International Water Law journal, and a Fellow with the International Water Resources Association (IWRA). Until 2009 he served as the World Bank Adviser on Water Law. Prior to that, he worked as a Legal Officer with the International Fund for Agricultural Development of the United Nations (IFAD) in Rome, Italy, and taught law at the University of Khartoum in Sudan.

Dr Salman has published extensively on issues related to water law and policy. More about his work and publications can be accessed at www.salmanmasalman.org.

Dr Komlan Sangbana, University of Geneva

Komlan Sangbana (Ph.D., Faculty of Law, University of Geneva) is Senior Research Fellow at the Platform for International Water Law (Geneva Water Hub / University of Geneva). He also serves as Consultant for the Secretariat of the Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes, supporting Convention activities in the West and Central African region. He has acted on several occasions as a legal expert with international institutions such as Green Cross International, WATERLEX and Global Water Partnership on projects relating to the governance of transboundary basins in Africa.

Prof. Alfred Soons, Utrecht University

Fred Soons studied law at Utrecht University, followed by postgraduate studies in international law at the University of Washington and Cambridge University. After having served as a civil servant in various legal and policy positions at the Netherlands Ministry of Transport, Water Management and Public Works, he became professor of public international law and director of the Netherlands Institute for the Law of the Sea (NILOS) at Utrecht University in 1987. He retired from these positions in 2014.

He served as Director of Studies of the International Law Association from 1997 to 2004. As counsel and arbitrator he has been involved in international litigation at the International Court of Justice and arbitral tribunals (including ICC arbitrations). He currently serves on two UNCLOS Annex VII Arbitral Tribunals

Prof. Ashok Swain, Uppsala University

Ashok Swain is a Professor of Peace and Conflict Research and the Director of the Research School of International Water Cooperation at Uppsala University, Sweden. He received his PhD from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi in 1991, and since then he has been teaching at Uppsala University. He has been a MacArthur Fellow at the University of Chicago; Visiting Fellow at UN Research Institute for Social Development, Geneva; and Visiting Professor at University Witwatersrand, University of Science (Malaysia), University of British Columbia, University of Maryland, Stanford University, McGill University, and Tufts University. He has written extensively on new security challenges, the environment, conflict and peace, and water sharing issues.

Prof. Attila Tanzi, University of Bologna

Attila Tanzi, Ph.D., is Chair of International Law at the University of Bologna. He has acted as counsel or arbitrator in various inter-state and investment arbitrations. Currently he also acts as a member of the PCA, a member of the PCA specialised list of arbitrators for environmental disputes, conciliator at the Court of Conciliation and Arbitration of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and Chairman of the Compliance Committee of the UNECE 1992 Water Convention. He advises governments and international organisations on international law issues. He has held numerous academic positions and has published extensively in English, Spanish, French, and Italian on state responsibility, foreign investment law, environmental law, law of the sea, law of international organisations, and jurisdictional immunities.

Judge Peter Tomka, International Court of Justice

Judge Peter Tomka has been a member of the ICJ since 6 February 2003. He served as its President between 2012 and 2015, having previously held the Office of Vice-President (2009-2012). Prior to his election he was member of the UN International Law Commission (1999-2002). He acted as agent for Slovakia before the ICJ in the Gabčíkovo‑Nagymaros Project (Hungary/Slovakia) case. In 1997 he chaired the Sixth (Legal) Committee of the UNGA and he was Chairman of the CAHDI (2001-2002).

He is a member of the Curatorium of the Hague Academy of International Law. Since 1994 he has been a member of the PCA and sat as arbitrator in the Iron Rhine (Belgium/Netherlands) case and in the Indus Waters Kishenganga (Pakistan v. India) case. He is on the list of arbitrators under Annex VII of UNCLOS and on the panel of arbitrators maintained by ICSID.

During his diplomatic work he served as Legal Advisor of Slovakia’s Foreign Ministry and as its Permanent Representative to the United Nations. He taught international law at Charles University, Faculty of Law in Prague and in the Institute of International Relations at Comenius University in Bratislava.

He received his LLM, Doctor iuris and PhD in International Law at Charles University.

Judge Tullio Treves, Curtis, Mallet-Prevost, Colt & Mosle LLP (Milan)

Tullio Treves, born in 1942, is Professor Emeritus at the State University of Milan. He served as Judge at the ITLOS from 1996 to 2011 and later twice as Judge ad hoc. He is a member of the Institut de droit international and of the Curatorium of the Hague Academy of International Law, and arbitrator and counsel in state-to-state and investment disputes. He is also Senior Public International Law Consultant at Curtis, Mallet-Prevost, Colt & Mosle LLP.

Prof. David VanderZwaag, Dalhousie University

David VanderZwaag holds the Canada Research Chair (Tier 1) in Ocean Law and Governance at Dalhousie University, Canada. He teaches international environmental law and serves as the Associate Director of the Marine & Environmental Law Institute. He is currently a member of the IUCN’s World Commission on Environmental Law (WCEL) and Co-chair of the WCEL’s Specialist Group on Oceans, Coasts & Coral Reefs.

He has authored over 150 papers in the marine and environmental law field. His most recent co-edited book publications are: Aquaculture Law and Policy: Global, Regional and National Perspectives (Edward Elgar, 2016); Routledge Handbook of National and Regional Ocean Policies (Routledge, 2015); and Polar Oceans Governance in an Era of Environmental Change (Edward Elgar, 2014).

Sir Michael Wood, 20 Essex Street

Michael Wood is a member of the UN International Law Commission, and a Senior Fellow of the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge. He is a barrister at 20 Essex Street, London, where he practises in the field of public international law, including before international courts and tribunals. He was Legal Adviser to the UK’s Foreign and Commonwealth Office between 1999 and 2006, having joined as an Assistant Legal Adviser in 1970.

Mr Samuel Wordsworth QC, Essex Court Chambers

Samuel Wordsworth QC specialises in public international law and international arbitration. He is regularly instructed by governments in international cases and regularly appears before international courts and tribunals including the ICJ. He is also a Visiting Professor at King’s College, London. He is or has been instructed as counsel in many investment treaty disputes, and has sat as arbitrator in certain cases.

Instructions in past and current cases of note so far as concerns this Conference include the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros case (for Slovakia), the Kishenganga case (for Pakistan), Certain Activities and Construction of a Road cases (for Costa Rica), and Use of the Waters of the Silala case (for Chile).