IC2BE Research Project

Cross-Border Enforcement in Europe: Civil Justice Framework, National Courts and the Court of Justice of the European Union - (JUST-AG-2016-02)

funded by the European Union

European and international private procedural law has developed steadily in recent years. This development has led, in particular, to a sharp rise in cross-border protection and enforcement cases. Against this backdrop, one might put into question the “second generation” of EU regulations on procedural law for cross-border cases, i.e. the European Enforcement Order, Order for Payment, Small Claims (as amended by Regulation (EU) 2015/2421) and the Account Preservation Order Regulations.

Therefore, on 27 June 2017, the European Commission entrusted a consortium of researchers from the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg and leading European universities with an empirical study on this issue. The project is coordinated by the University of Freiburg (Prof. Dr Jan von Hein), and includes the participation of the following researchers:

  • Prof. Dr. Burkhard Hess / Prof. Dr Marta Requejo Isidro (Max Planck Institute Luxembourg)
  • Prof. Thalia Kruger / Prof. Dr. Johan Meeusen (Antwerp University)
  • Prof. Agnieszka Frackowiak-Adamska (Wroclaw University)
  • Prof. Dr. Xandra Kramer (Rotterdam University)
  • Prof. Carmen Otero García-Castrillón (University of Complutense/Madrid)
  • Prof. Stefania Bariatti / Prof. Francesca Clara Villata / Prof. Ilaria Viarengo (Milan University)

The study has the mission to assess whether the existing European legislation will ensure the effective enforcement of cases in cross-border disputes or whether a more coherent regulation is required. For this purpose, the consortium has been empowered to develop a database to collect and analyse decisions of the national courts and the European Court of Justice. In addition to the quantitative analysis of the cases, a qualitative research will also be carried out in the participating Member States, with the contributions of practitioners working in the field of international private law and international civil procedural law.

A first international workshop about the management of judicial databases took place on 26 February 2018 at the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg. The event gathered the contribution of experts from the European Commission, the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union, to name but a few.

On 8 June 2018, a second workshop took place at the MPI Luxembourg. Practitioners from France and Luxembourg met to share their experiences regarding the application of the EU instruments falling under the scope of the project. Read the report here.

Another, subsequent workshop will be organized at the MPI Luxembourg on 27 September 2019.

All events related to the project and further information can be found here.

For the general website of the project, please see www.ic2be.eu.